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The Mahmudur Rahman Conundrum

Anyone with a shred of decency would find the attack on Mahmudur Rahman difficult to defend. According to media reports, the perpetrators belong to the ruling party student wing, Chhatra League. Clearly, he was targeted simply because the former acting editor of Amar Desh newspaper is an outspoken opposition firebrand.

At the time of the attack, Mahmudur Rahman was about to leave the Kushtia district court premise, having obtained bail in a defamation case filed against him for allegedly making “derogatory” remarks about Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, Bangladesh’s founding father, and Sheikh Hasina, the prime minister (also Sheikh Mujib’s daughter).

The aforesaid case is most likely baseless, politically motivated and intended to harass him, as these defamation cases typically are. Even if the remarks Mahmudur Rahman allegedly made about Sheikh Mujibur Rahman and Sheikh Hasina were sufficiently “derogatory,” my view is that compensation claims—let alone criminal prosecution—do not apply in this case.

Mahmudur Rahman, Amar Desh editor.
Mahmudur Rahman PHOTO: Frontline Defenders

As soon as the news broke, I wrote a two-liner on Facebook. “While I staunchly differ with Mahmudur Rahman on nearly every issue,” I noted, “I condemn the attack on him. This is a pathetic new low.” However, the post did not go well with some of my friends, who contended that the “disclaimer” weakened my statement.

But should we be unequivocal in our condemnation in such a situation without providing clarification?

Why I oppose Mahmudur Rahman

Before dwelling into the complex question, I should explain why I share serious disagreements with the individual and what he preaches, and why I find him a very problematic character.

Using liberalism when it suits him

Too often Mahmudur Rahman calls this government an undemocratic and fascist regime, but he is not particularly an anti-fascist or pro-democracy figure as his supporters would have me believe. In fact, he rose to prominence (or notoriety) by filing a defamation case against a prominent think-tank when he was a top adviser to the then BNP government.

During his stint as the editor of Amar Desh, he called for arresting a number of fellow journalists. Ironically enough, Golam Mortoza, one of the journalists he wanted to see imprisoned, condemned the attack on him. I doubt if Mahmudur Rahman could ever forgo ideological differences and stand in solidarity with other fellow journalists in jeopardy irrespective of their political leaning.

When Islamism outweighs democracy

Judging from his frequent evocation of political-religious rhetoric, one can safely assume that he is an ardent supporter of political Islam. He, perhaps, believes that there should be a formidable Islamist force—be it Jamaat-e-Islami or Hefazat-e-Islam (with the latter being the outcome of his arrogance or stupidity)—in Bangladesh’s political climate. That should not be a problem for me, as the right-wing or conservative forces have always had a place within the purview of democracy.

But his opposition to this current regime stems less from his concerns about its “slide towards fascism” than a belief that this regime is “anti-Islam” or “pro-India.” As such, I doubt if he will oppose a fascist regime if it was both Islamist and anti-Indian in his view.

In fact, on the very day he was attacked, he demonstrated a remarkable abhorrence of India. Even though he was targeted by petty thugs of Chhatra League, he managed to find a way to blame it on the neighboring big brother. Labeling the perpetrators as “dogs of Delhi,” he was heard as saying, “I will die for Islam….Will peel off Hindus.” (Some of his supporters dispute the second part of the quote exposed by a video published by Prothom Alo)

Those who associate with me know very well that I am not an admirer of Indian policies towards Bangladesh—in fact, far from it. But Mahmudur Rahman’s obsessive anti-India rhetoric, coupled with the frequent evocation of Islamic terms when he talks about India, is suggestive of deep animosity for a nation, shaped by religious prejudices. I cannot help but compare this behavior with the type of antisemitism which disguises hatred for the Jewish people in the form of the criticism of Israel.

(Note: I am a strong critic of Israeli policies towards Palestinians and a supporter of BDS movement against the Israeli government, but I concurrently believe that dangerous antisemitic prejudices exist in our world in many shapes and forms.)

A dangerously irresponsible ‘editor’

The irresponsibility Mahmudur Rahman demonstrated while he was the editor of the the-then second highest circulated newspaper, was beyond any sane limits. The supposed “reports” published in Amar Desh during Shahbagh days were not only slanderous and irresponsible but also contained dangerous and blatant provocations and incitement to violence. The way he managed to shape the turbulent events left a permanent scar on the fabric of this country.

Therefore, without clarification, my Facebook post in question would provoke unsolicited labeling and could mislead many who did not know me well. But I was not just being practical or transparent when I attached the disclaimer. The post was meant to highlight the notion that we should be dictated by our principle in standing in solidarity with the victims of violence including those we strongly disagree with.

Undoubtedly, Mahmudur Rahman has shown immense guts for what he thought was right. There can be no doubt that he was unfairly and cruelly treated by this government for speaking out against it. But to me, he is a right-wing populist, who exploited the division in our society to advance certain political goals or satisfy his personal ego, and whose ideological position runs counter to the spirit of democracy, and who I am vehemently opposed to.

So, my support for—or opposition to—him is not personal. As such, none of the argument I made above should justify attacks on him. I judge him by his conducts, and I oppose attacks on him—or his arbitrary detention—by my principle, and this conundrum compels me to put a disclaimer when I write about him.

3 thoughts on “The Mahmudur Rahman Conundrum

  1. Freedom of speech, contrary to somewhat popular belief, is neither absolute nor nonderogable. Speech can be restricted and should be restricted when it involves incitement to violence (which often includes hate speech against minority groups) and in cases of abusive injury of groups in need of special protection (censorship of child pornography for example). Both the ICCPR and the Bangladeshi constitution recognizes this. However, I do not think there is any court in Bangladesh that is competent or credible enough to take up this responsibility. When one hears how the CJ of the country was treated by some mid-level officers of a security agency, one can not maintain faith/trust on the judiciary anymore. And the judiciary is the only organ that can restrict speech. Yes, Rahman and his newspaper did propagate hate speech against atheists and even Ahmadi Muslims *but* where is the independent judiciary that can deal with that? This is a paradox.

    I am a strong opponent of- and I abhor the virulent ethnic nationalism of the Shahbagis and the virulent religious nationalism of the Hefajotis. To me, they are the two sides of the same coin of bigoted nationalism. Both groups believe and bank on the repressive, authoritarian state. Both groups want the repressive capacities of the state to be deployed in the service of their own causes. “ফাঁসী চাই” was the rallying cry for both groups. People like Mahmudur Rahman do not want a democratic, liberal, welfare society. They are fine with a repressive state as long as the repression is directed at their opponents. Same with Awami intellectuals, they are happy to cheer for the repressive state as long as the repression is directed at their opponents. When AL eventually loses its grip on power, you will see these intellectuals bloodied by the followers and fans of Mahmudur Rahman. So goes the forecast.

    You were absolutely right to preface your condemnation. It clearly showed where you stand and that your condemnation was coming from a position of principle as opposed to a position of affiliation. Apologies for the rather longish response.

  2. Shafiqur Rahman says:

    You are right, it’s logical to point out fundamental differences even while fully supporting the fundamental rights of victims. This should be obvious if one says that I absolutely hate rapists but I support their right for a fair trial, it should not be controversial. The evil than men do should haunt them always, even when they are being victims of evil themselves.

  3. Shayan S. Khan says:

    Nazmul, as best I’m able to grasp what this is all about, and having noticed some people pull a bit of a ‘gotcha’ on your status earlier, I guess i’d only contribute:

    You’re absolutely right about Mahmudur Rahman, of course, lol how I cringe when he is held up as a brave face of journalism. I have nothing against the man, I actually liked him in his cabinet days, it’s really mostly his fanboys who don’t even get him that bother me. He is a politician thru and thru, and Amar Desh was an opposition mouthpiece, as such it published incendiary stuff about the govt often just sourced from other publications, or dodgy sourced, or inadequately sourced for the scope of the allegations they contain. E.g. you cannot press corruption charges against the PM or PM’s son based on just one individual’s testimony, that too anonymous. It’s simply not gonna fly, even if people start regarding you as the next PM. Rahman [himself doesn’t write bad] though, he is actually an op-ed writer at heart.

    That isn’t to say I would’ve felt it necessary to mention my reservations about him at that moment that you did. It wouldn’t be to ‘not take away’ from the BCL [thuggery], but I guess looking back that moment for me was just overwhelmingly about the BCL impunity. If you think about it the person at the receiving end is actually irrelevant, unless we concede there ever can be someone who they’re allowed to do that with. But there isn’t.

    In addition, I’d say you’d be better off, bro, ditching the condemn template bro -the “I condemn” or “Must be condemned” with the optional disclaimer. Something happens, just say what you feel and what you think.

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